Water lubrication using diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings is regarded as being a promising eco-friendly technology. However, it has been reported that delamination of DLC coatings occurs in water. The authors clarified that the application of friction in ambient air prior to self-mating DLC water lubrication, in addition to the suppression of DLC delamination, caused the friction coefficient to decrease more than when no processing is performed in the boundary lubrication region. When compared to the case when there was no pre-sliding, in terms of the wear scar, in this case, a much more hydrophilic and smoother surface was formed. Therefore, the friction-reducing process in water due to the presence of a sliding history (pre-sliding in ambient air) was clarified by an analysis of the DLC geometry, structure, chemical state and an in situ analysis that can measure the friction properties and the chemical state of DLC. We clarified that the process in which the oxidation and structural changes of the DLC proceed at the time of pre-sliding in ambient air using in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy–attenuated total reflection. It was also revealed that the OH termination subsequently accelerated rapidly due to the friction in water after pre-sliding process. In addition, a time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis revealed that this OH group was derived from the lubricating water and unlike the case in which there was no pre-sliding in ambient air, the rate at which OH terminates increased considerably.
- Diamond-like carbon coating
- Super-low friction