Effect of swirling flow on unburned ratio and nitrogen oxide concentration in a spray combustion system

Hideyuki Aoki, Tomohiko Furuhata, Shoji Tanno, Takatoshi Miura, Shigemori Ohtani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effect of swirling flow on the unburned ratio and NO concentration in exhausted gas was studied for slurry [coal-water mixture (CWM)] spray combustion with variations of swirl numbers. A numerical analysis for CWM combustion was performed for axisymmetric flow in a cylindrical geometry. First, to check the performance of three previous k-ε{lunate} turbulence models modified with swirling flow, velocity components of isothermal swirling jets were measured by laser-Doppler anemometry (LDA) and compared with predicted results. The two modified models gave more reliable results than the conventional one. Next, as the swirl number could not be estimated by the angular momentum derived from the vane angle of the circular swirler, the reduction rate of the tangential momentum flux through the tube of the circular swirler was measured and calculated. Both measured and predicted results showed that when the swirl number S′ given by the vane angle was 2.0, the effective swirl number Seff decreased by about 60% to S′. To take the results mentioned above into consideration, effects of swirl number on both the exhausted NO concentration and unburned ratio were investigated. The predicted unburned ratio showed good agreement with the experimental results. Both experimental and calculated results showed that the optimum operating conditions controlling the exhausted NO concentration and unburned ratio in this spray combustion system were obtained when the swirl number Seff was about 0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-847
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Nov


  • NO formation
  • coal-water mixture
  • combustion
  • furnace
  • k-ε{lunate} model
  • soot formation
  • swirl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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