Effects of aging at 473-573 K on stress-induced martensitic transformation for textured Cu71.9Al16.6Mn9.3Ni2B0.2 and random-textured Cu72.1Al16.9Mn10.5Co0.5 shape memory alloy (SMA) wires with a large relative grain size d/D = 6 were investigated by cyclic tensile testing at room temperature, where d and D indicate mean grain size and wire diameter, respectively. The random-textured Cu72.1Al16.9Mn10.5Co0.5 wire cannot be uniformly deformed and the ductility is drastically reduced by aging treatment. On the other hand, in the textured Cu71.9Al16.6Mn9.3Ni2B0.2 SMA wire, the critical stress for martensitic transformation σt and the tensile strength σf are increased by aging without the associated loss of superelasticity (SE). Even in textured wire with a high σt of over 750 MPa, an excellent SE strain of about 6% can be obtained due to the formation of a fine bainite phase. Moreover, it was confirmed by in situ observation that stress-induced martensite plates grow, accompanying distortion of the bainite plates.
- Bainitic transformation
- Martensitic phase transformation
- Recrystallization texture
- Tension test