Effects of BOF top blowing and bottom stirring conditions on suppressing excessive oxidation

K. Naito, S. Kitamura, Y. Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of top blowing and bottom stirring conditions during steelmaking in a 6 t basic oxygen furnace (BOF) were investigated in studies with the aim of suppressing excessive oxidation. With low oxygen feed rate and high stirring energy, the apparent partial pressure of CO P′CO was calculated from the equilibrium of carbon and oxygen in molten steel as being < 1 atm. The relationship between top blowing/bottom stirring conditions and mass transfer at the slag/metal interface was analysed. It is proposed that mass transfer at the hot spot is significantly affected by the reaching rate of oxygen to the steel bath and bottom stirring. Mass transfer at the slag/metal interface, outside the hot spot, is sufficient to allow equilibrium to be attained in combined blowing BOF processes. Thus, the oxygen that is not consumed for decarburisation is distributed between steel and slag, i.e. deoxidation from steel to slag takes place, which makes it possible to obtain P′CO < 1 atm under atmospheric conditions. The decarburisation model developed based on the analysis reproduces the suppression of excessive oxidation under a decreased, top blown oxygen feed rate and is in good agreement with results from both 6 t BOF experiments and 350 t commercial BOF operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalIronmaking and Steelmaking
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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