Effects of breathing resistance while inhaling 3% carbon dioxide during steady-state exercise

Masayoshi Takahashi, Yoshihiro Mano, Masaharu Shibayama, Nobuo Yamami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of breathing resistance on the human body while inhaling 3% carbon dioxide and to evaluate the appropriateness of self-contained self-rescuer (SCBA) criteria in the Japan Industrial Standard (JIS). Eight male subjects volunteered for the study and breathed both normal air and 3% carbon dioxide with both low and high breathing resistance during moderate steady-state exercise. The high breathing resistance produced a pressure level that was almost the same as the upper permitted limit for SCBA in the JIS. Increasing the breathing resistance did not cause any significant effect on the human body while breathing normal air but, in the case of 3% carbon dioxide, the high resistance increased end-tidal carbon dioxide significantly and caused strong distress in the test subjects. Based on these results, it is recommended that carbon dioxide levels be kept low to improve human performance while wearing SCBAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Breathing resistance
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Japan Industrial Standard (JIS)
  • Self-contained self-rescuer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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