Effects of disorder on the pressure-induced mott transition in κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl

Elena Gati, Ulrich Tutsch, Ammar Naji, Markus Garst, Sebastian Köhler, Harald Schubert, Takahiko Sasaki, Michael Lang

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We present a study of the influence of disorder on the Mott metal-insulator transition for the organic charge-transfer salt κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl. To this end, disorder was introduced into the system in a controlled way by exposing the single crystals to X-ray irradiation. The crystals were then fine-tuned across the Mott transition by the application of continuously controllable He-gas pressure at low temperatures. Measurements of the thermal expansion and resistance show that the first-order character of the Mott transition prevails for low irradiation doses achieved by irradiation times up to 100 h. For these crystals with a moderate degree of disorder, we find a first-order transition line which ends in a second-order critical endpoint, akin to the pristine crystals. Compared to the latter, however, we observe a significant reduction of both, the critical pressure pc and the critical temperature Tc. This result is consistent with the theoretically-predicted formation of a soft Coulomb gap in the presence of strong correlations and small disorder. Furthermore, we demonstrate, similar to the observation for the pristine sample, that the Mott transition after 50 h of irradiation is accompanied by sizable lattice effects, the critical behavior of which can be well described by mean-field theory. Our results demonstrate that the character of the Mott transition remains essentially unchanged at a low disorder level. However, after an irradiation time of 150 h, no clear signatures of a discontinuous metal-insulator transition could be revealed anymore. These results suggest that, above a certain disorder level, the metal-insulator transition becomes a smeared first-order transition with some residual hysteresis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 16


  • Disorder
  • Mott transition
  • Organic conductor
  • Pressure
  • X-ray irradiation


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