TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of high-energy particles on accretion flows onto a supermassive black hole

AU - Kimura, Shigeo S.

AU - Toma, Kenji

AU - Takahara, Fumio

PY - 2014/8/20

Y1 - 2014/8/20

N2 - We study the effects of high-energy particles (HEPs) on the accretion flows onto a supermassive black hole and luminosities of escaping particles such as protons, neutrons, gamma rays, and neutrinos. We formulate a onedimensional model of the two-component accretion flow consisting of thermal particles and HEPs, supposing that some fraction of the released energy is converted to the acceleration of HEPs. The thermal component is governed by fluid dynamics while the HEPs obey the moment equations of the diffusionconvection equation. By solving the time evolution of these equations, we obtain advection-dominated flows as the steady state solutions. The effects of the HEPs on the flow structures turn out to be small even if the pressure of the HEPs dominates over the thermal pressure. For a model in which the escaping protons take away almost all the energy released, the HEPs have a large enough influence to make the flow have a Keplerian angular velocity at the inner region. We calculate the luminosities of the escaping particles for these steady solutions. The escaping particles can extract the energy from about 10?4 Ṁc2 to 10?2 Ṁc2, where Ṁ is the mass accretion rate. The luminosities of the escaping particles depend on parameters such as the injection Lorentz factors, the mass accretion rates, and the diffusion coefficients.We also discuss some implications on the relativistic jet production by the escaping particles.

AB - We study the effects of high-energy particles (HEPs) on the accretion flows onto a supermassive black hole and luminosities of escaping particles such as protons, neutrons, gamma rays, and neutrinos. We formulate a onedimensional model of the two-component accretion flow consisting of thermal particles and HEPs, supposing that some fraction of the released energy is converted to the acceleration of HEPs. The thermal component is governed by fluid dynamics while the HEPs obey the moment equations of the diffusionconvection equation. By solving the time evolution of these equations, we obtain advection-dominated flows as the steady state solutions. The effects of the HEPs on the flow structures turn out to be small even if the pressure of the HEPs dominates over the thermal pressure. For a model in which the escaping protons take away almost all the energy released, the HEPs have a large enough influence to make the flow have a Keplerian angular velocity at the inner region. We calculate the luminosities of the escaping particles for these steady solutions. The escaping particles can extract the energy from about 10?4 Ṁc2 to 10?2 Ṁc2, where Ṁ is the mass accretion rate. The luminosities of the escaping particles depend on parameters such as the injection Lorentz factors, the mass accretion rates, and the diffusion coefficients.We also discuss some implications on the relativistic jet production by the escaping particles.

KW - accretion, accretion disks

KW - galaxies: jets

KW - galaxies: nuclei

KW - neutrinos

KW - relativistic processes

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U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/100

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/100

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84905665452

SN - 0004-637X

VL - 791

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

IS - 2

M1 - 100

ER -