Abstract In the present paper, finite-element analysis of a cracked specimen was conducted using a unified model for the elastic-plastic deformation and hydrogen diffusion. We considered the effects of the hydrogen-reduced yielding strength and work-hardening coefficient and used a comparison parameter in the simulation of the hydrogen-localized plastic zone near a crack tip. We realized two important facts: (1) the normal component of the plastic strain in the direction of remote stress near the crack tip is significantly increased by the reduced work-hardening coefficient at the same stress-intensity factor; (2) the reduced work-hardening coefficient enhances the localization of the plastic zone when compared to the case using the normal component of the crack-tip plastic strain in the direction of remote stress, which probably determines the ductile-brittle transition of the fatigue-crack propagation mode under a hydrogen atmosphere. These results indicate that the reduction in work-hardening coefficient and the utilization of the crack-tip plastic strain as a parameter to organize the data play important roles in the prediction of the transition condition of hydrogen-accelerated fatigue-crack propagation.
- Crack-tip plasticity
- Finite elements