Effects of seat height on whole-body movement and lower limb muscle power during sit-to-stand movements in young and older individuals

Keita Honda, Yusuke Sekiguchi, Akiko Sasaki, Satoko Shimazaki, Rie Suzuki, Takahiro Suzuki, Hiroyasu Kanetaka, Shin Ichi Izumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sit-to-stand (STS) movements from low seat height are not easily executed by older individuals. Although young individuals increase their lower limb muscle power (LLMP) based on the product of the ground reaction force (GRF) and center of mass velocity (CoMv) during STS movement from a low seat height, it remains unclear whether seat height has an effect on LLMP during STS movement in older individuals. The present study aimed to investigate differences in the LLMP during STS movements when seat height is lowered between young and older individuals. Twelve older and twelve height-matched young individuals were instructed to perform STS movements from low (20 cm), middle (40 cm), and high (60 cm) seat heights. STS movement and GRF were obtained by a motion analysis system and force plates. In the low-seat-height condition, the forward and upward LLMPs and the upward CoMv were significantly lower in older individuals than those in young individuals, but the forward CoMv was not. The completion time of STS movement from a low seat height was significantly longer in older individuals than in young individuals. Our findings suggest that the slower upward CoMv due to the lower upward LLMP extends the completion time of STS movement from a low seat height in older individuals. Furthermore, in the low-seat-height condition, older individuals may move their center of mass (CoM) forward in a different way when compared with young individuals, and they may not use forward LLMP for moving CoM forward.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110813
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 2

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Center of mass
  • Lower limb muscle power
  • Seat height
  • Sit-to-stand movement

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