Effects of source/sink ratio and cytokinin application on pod set in soybean

Yumi Yashima, Azusa Kaihatsu, Takayuki Nakajima, Makie Kokubun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


A large proportion of soybean flowers abort during development. Pod set is significantly affected by the availability of assimilate and cytokinin in the flowers, but their synergistic effects on pod set remain unclear. The objective of this study was to examine whether pod set at specific nodes of a plant is enhanced by increasing the source-sink ratio and applying cytokinin to the nodes. The source-sink ratio was manipulated by removing floral buds excluding the specific nodes. As the ratio increased, the number of pods per node of control plants increased curvilinearly, reaching a plateau at high source/sink ratios. By contrast, in the cytokinin-applied plants, the number of pods per node increased without the plateau with increasing source/sink ratio, either by increasing the number of flowers or by increasing the pod-set percentage depending on the year. The results indicated that cytokinin plays a promotive role in increasing pod number in the plants with high levels of assimilate availability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Production Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun


  • Cytokinin
  • Flower abortion
  • Glycine max
  • Photoassimilate
  • Pod set
  • Source/sink ratio
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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