Background: Atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATAs) have a significant negative impact on the prognosis of patients implanted with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. New-generation atrial antitachycardia pacing (Reactive ATP, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) is effective in managing ATAs in patients implanted with pacemakers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Reactive ATP in patients implanted with CRT devices. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study involving 72 CRT patients with a history of ATAs [44 patients with a device capable of Reactive ATP (ATP group) and 28 patients with a device without ATP function (Control group)]. The atrial fibrillation (AF) burden, the biventricular pacing rate, and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: At baseline, there was no significant difference in the AF burden and biventricular pacing rate between the ATP and Control groups. During the 832 ± 489 days of the follow-up period, 23 of the 44 patients (52%) received a total of 2862 ATP deliveries and the median ATP success rate was 23.6% (interquartile range: 12.5–50.0%) in the ATP group. The AF burden was significantly decreased only in the ATP group 6 months after ATP was programmed (from 6.1 ± 18.2% to 2.0 ± 5.4%, p = 0.0083) and maintained low throughout the follow-up period. Moreover, there were no Reactive ATP-related complications observed. Patients in the ATP group showed a significantly lower incidence of heart failure (HF) hospitalization (log-rank, p = 0.041) and ventricular arrhythmias (log-rank, p = 0.039) than those reported in the Control group. Conclusions: Reactive ATP successfully and safely reduced AF burden, and was associated with a lower incidence of HF hospitalization in patients implanted with CRT devices.
- Atrial tachyarrhythmias
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy
- Heart failure
- Reactive atrial antitachycardia pacing
- Ventricular arrhythmias