An efficient radiative transfer model (ERTM) is developed to simulate thermal infrared brightness temperatures observed by the Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) in this study. The ERTM contains an alternate mapping correlated k-distribution (AMCKD) scheme, a parameterization for cloud optical property, and a rapid infrared radiative transfer scheme. The AMCKD is employed to calculate the gaseous absorption in the inhomogeneous thermodynamic atmosphere. The optical properties of clouds are parameterized by the effective length for ice clouds based on the Voronoi model, and by the effective radius for water clouds based on the Lorenz-Mie theory. The adding method of four-stream discrete ordinates method (4DDA) is extended to be able to calculate the thermal infrared radiative intensity varying with the zenith angle in ERTM. The efficiency and accuracy of ERTM are evaluated by comparing with the benchmark model which is composed of discrete ordinate radiative transfer (DISORT) and line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM). Under the standard atmospheric profiles, the root mean square error (RMSE) of simulated brightness temperatures reaches a maximum of 0.21K at the B16 (13.28 µm) channel of AHI. The computational efficiency of ERTM is approximately five orders of magnitude higher than that of the benchmark model. Moreover, the simulated brightness temperatures by ERTM are highly consistent with the rigorous results and AHI observations in the application to the Typhoon Mujigae case.