Electrically-induced actuation for open-loop control to cancel self-excitation vibration

Kanjuro Makihara, Horst Ecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper focuses on the actuation system combined with a piezoelectric transducer and an electric circuit, which leads to a new insight; the electric actuation system is equivalent to mechanical variablestiffness actuation systems. By controlling the switch in the circuit, the electric status of the piezoelectric transducer is changed, and consequently a variable-stiffness mechanism is achieved on the electric actuator. This proposed actuator features a shift in the equilibrium point of force, while conventional electricallyinduced variable-stiffness actuators feature the variation of the stiffness value. We intensively focus on the equilibrium shift in the actuation system, which has been neglected. The stiffness of the variable-stiffness actuator is periodically modulated by controlling the switch, to suppress the vibration of the system in an open-loop way. It is proved that this electric actuator is equivalent to its mechanical counterpart, and that the electrical version has some practical advantages over the mechanical one. Furthermore, another kind of electrically-induced variable-stiffness actuator, using an energy-recycling mechanism is also discussed from the viewpoint of open-loop vibration control. Extensive numerical simulations provide comprehensive assessment on both electrically-induced variable-stiffness actuators employed for open-loop vibration control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-206
Number of pages18
JournalSmart Structures and Systems
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb


  • Open-loop control
  • Piezoelectric
  • Semi-active
  • Stiffness-variable actuator
  • Switching control


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