Electronic structures and spectra of symmetric meso-substituted porphyrin: DFT and TDDFT-PCM investigations

Natarajan Sathiyamoorthy Venkataramanan, Ambigapathy Suvitha, Hitoshi Nejo, Hiroshi Mizuseki, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


DFT and TDDFT calculations at the level of PBE0/6-31G(d)/6-31+G(d) were performed systematically on seven porphyrins with symmetrical meso-substitutents. Our results show that the planarity of the free base porphyrin (BP) are affected by the introduction of substitutents at the meso-position of the ring. Geometrical studies show that the introduction of electron-withdrawing groups brings about in-plane deformation in the porphyrin ring, whereas the bulky substitutents make an out-of-plane deformation. However, FMO's diagram shows that electron-withdrawing groups alter the degeneracy of the HOMO and HOMO -1 orbtial. Up on introduction of substituents at the meso-position, the Q band FMOs transitions were the same as in the case of free BP; however, the oscillator strength is changed. Electron releasing substituted at the meso-position shows bathochromic shift in the Q band region. However, the intensity or the hyperchromic shift is higher for the electron withdrawing groups. Solvation studies show that Q bands are blue shifted and B bands are red shifted, whereas the intensity of the B bands was highly enhanced compared with the Q bands. These theoretical studies would be helpful in designing new porphyrins for the photodynamic therapy and dye-sensitized solar cell applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2340-2351
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 15


  • DFT
  • electronic properties
  • porphyrins
  • spectra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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