Electroporation: Past, present and future

Harukazu Nakamura, Junichi Funahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Gene transfer by electroporation has become an indispensable method for the study of developmental biology. The technique is applied not only in chick embryos but also in mice and other organisms. Here, a short history and perspectives of electroporation for gene transfer in vertebrates are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-19
Number of pages5
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan


  • Chick embryo
  • Gene transfer
  • In ovo electroporation
  • In utero electroporation


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