Electrostatically levitated ring-shaped rotational-gyrol/accelerometer

Takao Murakoshi, Yasuo Endo, Keisuke Fukatsu, Sigeru Nakamura, Masayoshi Esashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

156 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports, an electrostatically, levitated inertia measurement system which is based on the principle of a rotational gyro. The device has several advantages: the levitation of the rotor in a vacuum eliminates mechanical friction resulting in high sensitivity: the position control for the levitation allows accelerations to be sensed in the tri-axis: and the fabrication of the device by a micromachining technique has the cost advantages afforded by miniaturization. Latest measurements yield a noise floor of the gyro and that of the accelerometer as low as 0.15 deg/h1/2 and 30μG/Hz1/2, respectively. This performance is achieved by a new sensor design. To further improve of the previous device, a ring-shaped structure is designed and fabricated by deep reactive ion etching using inductively coupled plasma. The rotor levitation is performed with capacitive detection and electrostatic actuation. Multiaxis closed-loop control is realized by differential capacitance sensing and frequency multiplying. The rotation of the micro gyro is based on the principle of a planar variable capacitance motor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2468-2472
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number4 B
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Accelerometer
  • Electrostatically levitation
  • Gyro
  • Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
  • Micromachining
  • Multiaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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