(Pro)renin receptor ((P)RR) is a specific receptor for both renin and its precursor prorenin. (P)RR was shown to be involved in pathophysiology of cardiovascular and renal diseases. Soluble (pro)renin receptor (s(P)RR), which is generated by furin from full length (P)RR, is present in blood. The aim of the present study is to clarify the association of plasma s(P)RR levels and the severity of OSAS. Plasma levels of s(P)RR were measured by ELISA in 58 male patients diagnosed as OSAS based on polysomnography, and 14 age-matched male control subjects. Blood samples were obtained at 6:00 a.m. just after overnight polysomnography. Plasma s(P)RR levels were significantly higher in patients with OSAS (9.0 ± 2.0 ng/mL, mean ± SD) than in control subjects (7.4 ± 1.5 ng/mL) (P = 0.0026). Plasma s(P)RR levels showed a significant negative correlation with % stage rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (r = -0.377, p < 0.005), and significant positive correlations with % stage 1 (r = 0.374, p < 0.005), arousal index (r = 0.341, p < 0.01), apnea hypopnea index (AHI) (r = 0.352, p < 0.01) and desaturation index (r = 0.302, p < 0. 05). In 12 OSAS patients with AHI 20, plasma levels of s(P)RR were studied after 3-month treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). Plasma s(P)RR levels were significantly decreased after the nCPAP treatment (p = 0.0016). The present study has shown for the first time elevated plasma s(P)RR levels in patients with OSAS. Plasma s(P)RR levels were associated with the severity of OSAS. Soluble (P)RR may serve as a plasma marker reflecting the severity of OSAS.
- Apnea hypopnea index
- Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
- Soluble (pro)renin receptor