Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) has been shown to enhance the synthesis of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and collagenase in human omental microvascular endothelial (HOME) cell (Mawatari, M., Kohno, K., Mizoguchi, H., Matsuda, T., Asoh, K., Van Damme, J. V., Welgus, H. G., and Kuwano, M. (1989) J. Immunol. 143, 1619-1627). In the present study, we have examined whether the TNF-α-induced synthesis of IL-6 or collagenase in HOME cells is mediated by an inducible growth factor. Among several growth factors examined, we found that the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mRNA was the one most prominently enhanced when HOME cells were treated with TNF-α. The increase of bFGF mRNA by TNF-α in HOME cells was observed in both a dose- and time-dependent manner when assayed by Northern blot analysis. The induction of bFGF mRNA was observed by 3 h after incubation with TNF-α, and the maximal increase of 5-fold was obtained after 12 h of incubation with 100 units/ml TNF-α. Western blot analysis confirmed the enhanced synthesis of bFGF by TNF-α. Metabolic labeling and immunoprecipitation assays of bFGF showed that exposure to TNF-α enhanced secretion of bFGF into culture medium and also that TNF-α stimulated the production of bFGF molecules with molecular masses of 18, 21, and 22.5 kDa in HOME cells. TNF-α induced the expression of collagenase mRNA and IL-6 mRNA in HOME cells as well, and the coadministration of neutralizing anti-bFGF antibody almost completely blocked the effects of TNF-α. The treatment of HOME cells with exogenous bFGF significantly stimulated the expression of collagenase mRNA and IL-6 mRNA in HOME cells. Therefore, the biological effects of TNF-α on HOME cells may be mediated, at least in part, by TNF-α-induced bFGF.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|