Endogenous Fusarium Endophthalmitis During Treatment for Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Successfully Treated with 25-Gauge Vitrectomy and Antifungal Medications

Masaaki Yoshida, Naoki Kiyota, Kazuichi Maruyama, Hiroshi Kunikata, Masahiro Toyokawa, Shigehiro Hagiwara, Koichi Makimura, Naomi Sato, Shinji Taniuchi, Toru Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis (EFE) caused by disseminated fusariosis is a rare condition that generally has a poor outcome, even with intensive therapy. Here, we describe a case in which this type of EFE was diagnosed with vitreous sampling and was successfully treated with 25-gauge vitrectomy and antifungals, including liposomal amphotericin B and voriconazole. A 16-year-old male patient undergoing treatment for acute myeloid leukemia complained of eye pain and blurred vision in his right eye. Treatment was initiated for a vitreous opacity, possibly associated with herpetic retinitis, but the patient worsened and he was referred to us. Right-eye visual acuity was limited to light perception. We suspected endogenous endophthalmitis and performed 25-gauge vitrectomy with antibiotic perfusion of ceftazidime, vancomycin, and voriconazole. Vitreous culturing revealed the presence of Fusarium solani species complex, and enhanced computed tomography revealed disseminated fusariosis lesions in the lung, spleen, and the soft tissue of the left upper arm. The patient received antifungal treatment with liposomal amphotericin B and voriconazole, and these conditions were eliminated. Visual acuity recovered to 20/400 after additional vitrectomy for tractional retinal detachment and was maintained at this level during the 6-month follow-up period. The success of our treatment allowed the capture of optical coherence tomography images of the retina during fusarium-associated endogenous endophthalmitis and the follow-up period. Furthermore, this case showed that immediate vitrectomy for suspected EFE and intensive treatment can lead to a good clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-457
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1


  • Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis
  • Fusarium solani
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Vitrectomy
  • Vitreous sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)


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