Enhancement of magnetic properties and microstructural changes in TbCu7-type Sm-Fe-Co-Nb-B melt-spun ribbons

N. Kurokawa, M. Matsuura, S. Sakurada, S. Sugimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of annealing conditions on magnetic properties, phase, and microstructural changes in Sm-Fe-Co-Nb-B melt-spun ribbons were investigated, and the dependence of magnetic properties on Sm and B composition was also investigated. SmxFe80.9−(x+y)Co16.4Nb2.7By amorphous ribbons were prepared by melt-spinning and then annealing. After annealing at 625 °C, the Sm6.2Fe66.4Co16.4Nb2.7B8.3 ribbons exhibited crystallization of hard-magnetic TbCu7-type phase, and the coercivity increased as the annealing time was increased to 9 h. The grain size of the TbCu7-type phase as estimated from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images was 20–50 nm for ribbons annealed for 9 h. Three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) analysis revealed that Nb and B became enriched at grain boundaries and tended to condense at the grain boundaries with increasing annealing time. Non-magnetic Nb and B enrichment at the grain boundaries in fine TbCu7-type grains thus promotes magnetic decoupling between TbCu7-type phases and suppresses domain wall propagation, resulting in high coercivity. Composition dependence on magnetic properties was investigated. Optimum annealing time tended to increase with increasing Sm content. The Sm6.7Fe65.9Co16.4Nb2.7B8.3 ribbons exhibited a maximum coercivity of 695 kA⋅m−1 by annealing at 625 °C for 21 h and subsequent slow cooling at a cooling rate of 4 °C⋅h−1. As B content decreased, coercivity decreased and remanence increased. The Sm6.2Fe68.7Co16.4Nb2.7B6.0 ribbons exhibited a high σr of 100 A⋅m2⋅kg−1 and moderate HcJ of 540 kA⋅m−1 after optimal annealing. An isotropic bonded magnet was fabricated from this ribbon. The bonded magnet exhibited high magnetic properties of Br = 0.82 T, HcJ = 538 kA⋅m−1, and (BH)max = 98 kJ⋅m−3, and small temperature coefficients of α(Br) = −0.06%⋅°C−1 and β(HcJ) = −0.27%⋅°C−1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169414
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug 15


  • Amorphous
  • Coercivity
  • Grain boundary phase
  • Nanostructured materials
  • Permanent magnets
  • TbCu-type structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancement of magnetic properties and microstructural changes in TbCu7-type Sm-Fe-Co-Nb-B melt-spun ribbons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this