Enhancing the aggressive intensity of a cavitating jet by means of the nozzle outlet geometry

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In order to enhance the aggressive intensity of a cavitating jet for practical applications, the effect of the geometry of the nozzle through which the jet is driven on the aggressive intensity was investigated. The nozzle under test was cylindrical and consisted of a plate and a cap with a hole bored through it. The aggressive intensity of the jet was estimated by the erosion suffered by pure aluminum test specimens. The parameters varied were the bore diameter, D, and length, L, the standoff distance, the nozzle throat diameter, d, and the upstream and downstream pressures of the nozzle. The mass loss at the optimum standoff distance, where the mass loss was at a relative maximum, was found for each bore diameter and length, and then the optimum bore diameter and length were obtained. The optimum ratio of d: D: L was shown to be 1: 8: 8, and this was the optimum for both d = 1 mm and d = 2 mm. It was also the optimum ratio for upstream pressures of 15 MPa and 30 MPa, and downstream pressures of 0.1 MPa and 0.42 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101301
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • cavitation
  • erosion
  • jet
  • nozzle


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