Epidemiological characterization of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 cases from 2009 to 2010 in Baguio City, the Philippines

Rochelle R. Pamaran, Taro Kamigaki, Teresita T. Hewe, Korrine Madeleine C. Flores, Edelwisa S. Mercado, Portia P. Alday, Alvin G. Tan, Hitoshi Oshitani, Remigio M. Olveda, Veronica L. Tallo

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Background: Baguio City, Philippines experienced its first influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 [A(H1)pdm09] case in May 2009. In spite of numerous reports describing the epidemiological and clinical features of A(H1)pdm09 cases, there are no studies about A(H1)pdm09 epidemiology in the Philippines, where year-round influenza activity was observed. Objectives: We aimed to investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of A(H1)pdm09 in pandemic and post-pandemic periods. Methods: Data were collected under enhanced surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) from January 2009 to December 2010. RT-PCR was used to detect A(H1)pdm09, following the protocol of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The reproduction number was computed as a simple exponential growth rate. Differences in proportional and categorical data were examined using chisquare test or Fishers' exact test. Results and Conclusions: The outbreak was observed from week 25 to 35 in 2009 and from week 24 to 37 in 2010. The highest proportion of cases was among children aged 5-14 years. The number of ILI outpatients was 2.3-fold higher in 2009 than in 2010, while the number of inpatients was 1.8-fold higher in 2009. No significant difference in gender was observed during the two periods. The clinical condition of all patients was generally mild and self-limiting, with only 2 mortalities among inpatients in 2009. The basic reproduction number was estimated as 1.16 in 2009 and 1.05 in 2010 in the assumption of mean generation time as 2.6 days. School children played a significant role in facilitating influenza transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere79916
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 11


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