Epidermal-type fatty acid binding protein as a negative regulator of IL-12 production in dendritic cells

Noriko Kitanaka, Yuji Owada, Ryuhei Okuyama, Hiroyuki Sakagami, Mohammad Reza Nourani, Setsuya Aiba, Hiroshi Furukawa, Makoto Watanabe, Masao Ono, Toshiaki Ohteki, Hisatake Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Fatty acids and their metabolites have recently been shown to modulate various functions of dendritic cells (DCs) including their differentiation and cytokine production, although the mechanisms underlying their cellular functions are not fully understood. In view of our previous finding that epidermal-type fatty acid binding protein (E-FABP) was exclusively expressed in splenic DCs among FABP family, we examined the phenotype of E-FABP-null mutant mice in order to elucidate the functional significance of E-FABP expression in DCs. Although E-FABP-null mutant mice showed no apparent abnormalities in the population density and subset distribution of DCs as well as the microscopic morphology in the spleen, DCs isolated from E-FABP-null spleen showed enhanced production of IL-12p70, a key cytokine for innate immune responses, in response to appropriate stimuli as compared with wild-type. In real-time PCR, the expression level of IL-12p35 mRNA after LPS stimuli was much higher in mutant DCs when compared with wild-type, while no apparent change of IL-12p40 mRNA level was detected. Phosphorylated forms of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) and IκB-α, molecules critical for IL-12 production, were detected at higher levels in E-FABP-null-mutant DCs after LPS stimuli when compared with wild-type counterparts. Collectively, it is suggested that E-FABP may be a novel negative regulator of IL-12 production in DCs, and this regulation may be exerted via its involvement in the p38MAPK-mediated transcription of IL-12p35.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 23


  • Dendritic cells
  • E-FABP
  • Fatty acids
  • Gene-knockout mice
  • IL-12
  • Mouse


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