Epigenetic Regulation of the Blimp-1 Gene (Prdm1) in B Cells Involves Bach2 and Histone Deacetylase 3

Hiromu Tanaka, Akihiko Muto, Hiroki Shima, Yasutake Katoh, Nicolas Sax, Shinya Tajima, Andrey Brydun, Tsuyoshi Ikura, Naoko Yoshizawa, Hisao Masai, Yutaka Hoshikawa, Tetsuo Noda, Masaki Nio, Kyoko Ochiai, Kazuhiko Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) encoded by Prdm1 is a master regulator of plasma cell differentiation. The transcription factor Bach2 represses Blimp-1 expression in B cells to stall terminal differentiation, by which it supports reactions such as class switch recombination of the antibody genes. We found that histones H3 and H4 around the Prdm1 intron 5 Maf recognition element were acetylated at higher levels in X63/0 plasma cells expressing Blimp-1 than in BAL17 mature B cells lacking its expression. Conversely, methylation of H3-K9 was lower in X63/0 cells than BAL17 cells. Purification of the Bach2 complex in BAL17 cells revealed its interaction with histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), nuclear co-repressors NCoR1 and NCoR2, transducin β-like 1X-linked (Tbl1x), and RAP1-interacting factor homolog (Rif1). Chromatin immunoprecipitation confirmed the binding of HDAC3 and Rif1 to the Prdm1 locus. Reduction of HDAC3 or NCoR1 expression by RNA interference in B cells resulted in an increased Prdm1 mRNA expression. Bach2 is suggested to cooperate with HDAC3-containing co-repressor complexes in B cells to regulate the stage-specific expression of Prdm1 by writing epigenetic modifications at the Prdm1 locus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6316-6330
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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