Podoplanin (PDPN), a type I transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, is expressed in normal tissues, including lymphatic endothelial cells, pulmonary type I alveolar cells, and renal podocytes. The overexpression of PDPN in cancers is associated with hematogenous metastasis by interactions with the C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2). We have previously reported the development of a mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) clone, PMab-38 (IgG1, kappa), against dog PDPN (dPDPN). PMab-38 reacted strongly with canine squamous cell carcinomas and melanomas, but not with lymphatic endothelial cells, indicating its cancer specificity. In this study, we developed and produced several mouse-canine chimeric antibodies originating from PMab-38. A mouse-canine chimeric antibody of subclass A (P38A) and a mouse-canine chimeric antibody of subclass B (P38B) were transiently produced using ExpiCHO-S cells. Core-fucose-deficient P38B (P38Bf) was developed using FUT8 knockout ExpiCHO-S cells. We compared the binding affinities, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) of P38A, P38B, and P38Bf against Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)/dPDPN cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the KD of P38A, P38B, and P38Bf were 1.9 × 10-7, 5.2 × 10-9, and 6.5 × 10-9, respectively. Both P38B and P38Bf revealed high ADCC activities against CHO/dPDPN cells; P38Bf demonstrated significantly higher ADCC compared with P38B, especially at low concentrations. P38B and P38Bf exhibited higher CDC activities against CHO/dPDPN cells. Conversely, P38A did not exhibit any ADCC or CDC activity. In summary, P38Bf is a good candidate for antibody therapy against dPDPN-expressing canine cancers.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Nov|
- dog podoplanin
- monoclonal antibody
- mouse-canine chimeric antibody