EUV imaging of near-Venus space

A. Yamazaki, I. Yoshikawa, N. Terada, M. Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Japan's Venus Climate Orbiter (the Planet-C spacecraft) will be launched in 2008 and will reach an orbit in the ecliptic plane around Venus in 2009. We propose two eXtreme UltraViolet (XUV) imagers to take global two-dimensional snapshots of near-Venus space, including the Venus ionosphere and the interaction region between the solar wind plasma and the Venus ionospheric plasma. The imagers detect the resonantly scattering emissions of oxygen ions (O II 83.4 nm) and atoms (O I 130.3 nm), neutral helium (He I 58.4 nm), and hydrogen (H Ly-α 121.6 nm). Scientific goals are to investigate mechanisms of momentum and mass transfer across the ionopause, of convection in the upper atmosphere and ionosphere, and of atmospheric escape. Especially, we emphasize that sequential images of the O II 83.4-nm emission will enable us to understand temporal evolution of the vortex produced by the Kelvin-Helmholtz (K-H) instability. Though the wave structure due to the K-H instability is generated also at the terrestrial magnetopause, oxygen ions are too tenuous to detect the emission. On the other hand, at the Venus ionopause oxygen ions have enough density to image the resonance emission, i.e., the Venus ionosphere plays a role as a space laboratory for plasma physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1932-1937
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • EUV imaging
  • Planet-C spacecraft
  • Venus ionosphere


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