Evaluation method for radiative heat transfer in polydisperse water droplets

Shigenao Maruyama, Hirotaka Nakai, Atsushi Sakurai, Atsuki Komiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Simplifications of the model for nongray radiative heat transfer analysis in participating media comprised of polydisperse water droplets are presented. Databases of the radiative properties for a water droplet over a wide range of wavelengths and diameters are constructed using rigorous Mie theory. The accuracy of the radiative properties obtained from the database interpolation is validated by comparing them with those obtained from the Mie calculations. The radiative properties of polydisperse water droplets are compared with those of monodisperse water droplets with equivalent mean diameters. Nongray radiative heat transfer in the anisotropic scattering fog layer, including direct and diffuse solar irradiations and infrared sky flux, is analyzed using REM2. The radiative heat fluxes within the fog layer containing polydisperse water droplets are compared with those in the layer containing monodisperse water droplets. Through numerical simulation of the radiative heat transfer, polydisperse water droplets can be approximated by using the Sauter diameter, a technique that can be useful in several research fields, such as engineering and atmospheric science. Although this approximation is valid in the case of pure radiative transfer problems, the Sauter diameter is reconfirmed to be the appropriate diameter for approximating problems in radiative heat transfer, although volume-length mean diameter shows better accordance in some cases. The CPU time for nongray radiative heat transfer analysis with a fog model is evaluated. It is proved that the CPU time is decreased by using the databases and the approximation method for polydisperse particulate media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan


  • Databases
  • Nongray radiative heat transfer
  • Polydisperse water droplets
  • Radiative properties
  • Sauter diameter
  • Solar irradiation


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