Evaluation of desulphurization flux in CaO-Al2O 3-BaO-CeO2-MgO system

Etsuro Shibata, Takashi Nakamura, Takeshi Nishida, Mitsunori Endo, Hideyuki Itou, Tomio Takasu

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The flux of the CaO-Al2O3-BaO-CeO2-MgO system as a desulphurization flux containing no fluorine for the secondary metallurgy process was evaluated in this study. The flux composition was designed using the eutectic compositions of the binary systems. The melting and desulphurization abilities of the fluxes were evaluated by measuring their liquidus temperatures and the distribution ratios of sulphur between the fluxes and the carbon-saturated iron or stainless steel. The lowest liquidus temperature of 1325°C was obtained by adding 5.7 mass% MgO to the 80mass%A-20mass%B flux. (A: 12CaO · 7Al2O3, B: BaCeO3+12mass%Al2O3). The distribution ratios of sulphur and sulphide capacities of the fluxes in this study were higher than those of the commercial product of calcium aluminate flux. This means that the CaO-Al2O3-BaO-CeO2-MgO fluxes developed in this study have higher desulphurization and melting abilities compared with the commercial product of calcium aluminate flux.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-313
Number of pages6
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May


  • Desulphurization
  • Flux
  • Steelmaking
  • Sulphide capacity


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