Evaluation of flow anisotropy within a simulated shear fracture under stress conditions from shallow to deep reservoirs

Katsumi Nemoto, Noriaki Watanabe, Nobuo Hirano, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We investigate the anisotropy in permeability and the mechanism of formation of permeable zones within a sheared fracture, in artificially/ naturally fractured reservoirs. The normal stress conditions were up to 90 MPa corresponding to the overburden pressure at a depth of approximately 3-4 kilometers. Numerical flow simulations were made using numerically generated fracture aperture distributions that are based on contact area (or hydraulically ineffective area) measurements. The results show that 1) the normal stress and shear offset dependencies in fracture permeability, and 2) the anisotropy in fracture permeability occur at higher stress conditions than have previously evaluated. The flow distributions obtained from the simulations show that the normal stress and the shear offset dependencies in permeability can be explained by the same dependencies in preferential flow paths. In addition, the flow distributions also showed that permeability anisotropy resulted from the variation of tortuosity in the preferential paths. The investigation of the contact ratio shows an anisotropy in connectivity of the fracture aperture, thus supporting the consequent variation of the tortuosity. We conclude that the permeability anisotropy caused by the anisotropy in the aperture connectivity might exist, even at depths of 3-4 kilometers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalTransactions - Geothermal Resources Council
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventGeothermal Resources Council - Annual Meeting of the Geothermal Resources Council 2007 "Renewable Baseload Energy: Geothermal Heat Pumps to Engineered Reservoirs" - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: 2007 Sept 302007 Oct 3


  • Aperture distribution
  • Flow anisotropy
  • Fluid flow
  • Fracture permeability
  • Preferential flow paths
  • Tortuosity


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of flow anisotropy within a simulated shear fracture under stress conditions from shallow to deep reservoirs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this