Evaluation of the impact of landfill on floodplain water quality in a tropical monsoon region

Yusuke Hiraga, So Kazama, Chaiwat Ekkawatpanit, Keitaro Yamada

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Nowadays, a deterioration of floodplain water quality in the Lower Mekong River Basin in Cambodia is expected because of urbanization/industrialization by landfilling. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of floodplain land-filling on basin water quality. Field observations of total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygen demand and heavy metals were conducted in the Mekong River Basin in Cambodia and the Chao Phraya River Basin in Thailand. In the Mekong River Basin, TP was 2.05 mg/L in the flood-plain where large-scale landfill was carried out using waste, with iron (Fe) at the factory site 6.54 mg/L. In comparison, in the Chao Phraya River Basin, TP and Fe concentrations were low. A degree of floodplain water quality management commensurate to the level of economic development was confirmed from water quality conservation efforts, among others, in Thailand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalHydrological Research Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Land use
  • Reclamation
  • River management
  • Water quality
  • Wetlands


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