Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation of the phase equilibria in the Cu-Sn and Cu-Sn-Mn systems

X. J. Liu, C. P. Wang, I. Ohnuma, R. Kainuma, K. Ishida

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The phase equilibria in the Cu-rich portion of the Cu-Sn binary and Cu-Sn-Mn ternary systems have been determined using the diffusion-couple method, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), high-temperature electron diffraction (HTED), and high-temperature X-ray diffraction (HTXRD) techniques. The present experimental results on the binary Cu-Sn system show the presence of the two-stage, second-order reaction A2 → B2 → D03 in the bcc-phase region, rather than a two-phase equilibrium between the disordered bcc (A2) and the ordered bcc (D03) phases, as reported before. Phase equilibria in the Cu-Sn-Mn ternary system in the composition range of 0 to 30 at. pct Sn and 0 to 30 at. pct Mn at 550 °C, 600 °C, 650 °C, and 700 °C have been determined, and a ternary compound (Cu4MnSn) with a very small solubility has been detected. A thermodynamic analysis of the Cu-Sn-Mn ternary system including the Cu-Sn and Mn-Sn binary systems has also been carried out by the CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams) method, in which the Gibbs energy of the bcc phase is described by the two-sublattice model in order to take into account the second-order A2/B2 ordering reaction. A consistent set of optimized thermodynamic parameters for the Cu-Sn-Mn system for describing the Gibbs energy of each phase results in a better fit between calculation and experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1654
Number of pages14
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume35 A
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun


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