Cardiovascular diseases are closely related to blood flow. Ultrasonic-Measurement-Integrated (UMI) simulation, in which results of ultrasonic measurement are fed back to the flow simulation, was proposed in a previous study in order to reproduce the real blood flow accurately and efficiently. The usability of the UMI simulation was confirmed by numerical experiment, but the effectiveness of this simulation was strongly affected by the accuracy of the ultrasonic measurement. In this paper, we examined the accuracy of a commercial ultrasonic measurement device by an experiment with a PVA-H straight tube phantom. By analyzing the measured color Doppler images for a developed laminar flow inside the phantom, we obtained the relationship between the color Doppler value and the Doppler velocity (C-V relationship). It was revealed that the original C-V relationship provided in the device as a color bar was not suitable for quantitative evaluation of Doppler velocity to be used in UMI simulation. Compared with the original C-V relationship, the present C-V relationship results are in far better agreement with the analytic solution. Investigation of the normalized error confirmed that the result obtained with the present C-V relationship was reliable in cases of relatively high Reynolds number in the flow domain except near the wall. The two signal conditioning factors of the device had little influence on the Doppler velocity. Finally, we investigated the effect of temporal and spatial averaging of ultrasonic measurement data to clarify the relation between the number of averagings and the level of agreement with the analytic solution.
- Blood Flow
- In Vitro Validation
- Ultrasonic Measurement
- Ultrasonic Measurement Integrated Simulation