Experiments on an AM Mode-Locked Laser as an Arbitrary Optical Function Generator

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We show experimentally that various optical pulses can be generated from an AM mode-locked laser by employing a 10 GHz harmonically and regeneratively mode-locked erbium fiber laser. A software-controlled liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS) optical filter device, which can control the amplitude and phase of the input signal as a function of optical frequency, was employed to implement a specific filter function. The filter was characterized by the Fourier transformed spectral profile A(ω ) of the output pulse a(t) , A(ω +Ω m), and A(ω -Ω m). Here, Ω m is the AM modulation angular frequency. The filter resolution was set at 10 GHz. By installing a specific filter in the laser cavity, we succeeded in generating various pulses such as Gaussian, secant hyperbolic (sech), double-sided and single-sided exponential, parabolic, triangular, and Nyquist pulses with an arbitrary roll-off factor as with an optical function generator. It is interesting to note that we could experimentally generate very precise transform-limited (TL) optical pulses, which were originally designed by calculating the filter function. The generated spectral profile agreed well with the numerical results even below -40 dB, which also agreed with the theory. As we have shown theoretically, we could generate sech and parabolic pulses without fiber nonlinearity. An asymmetric single-sided pulse can also be generated by incorporating a complex filter function with phase information, where a small amount of phase rotation of ∼ π 60 in each round trip played an important role in generating the asymmetric pulse. Without the phase change, the pulse became symmetric and was no longer the designed pulse. A clean triangular pulse was difficult to generate since parabolic pulse shaping on the top of a sinusoidal intensity modulation is ineffective in creating a sharp peak.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1300218
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1


  • Fourier analysis
  • Mode-locked laser
  • Optical filters
  • Optical function generator
  • Optical pulses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Experiments on an AM Mode-Locked Laser as an Arbitrary Optical Function Generator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this