Adrenomedullin 2/intermedin (AM2/IMD) is a potent vasodilator peptide with organ-protective effects and is abundantly expressed in the kidney. We examined the expression of AM2/IMD in the kidneys of rats with hypertension or chronic renal impairment using quantitative RT-PCR, radioimmunoassay, and immunohistochemistry. Kidneys of 8-wk-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were dissected into inner medulla, outer medulla, cortex, and glomerulus fractions. A rat renal impairment model was prepared by 5/6 nephrectomy in WKY rats. AM2/IMD mRNA levels were the highest in the cortex among four renal portions, and significantly lower in SHR than WKY rats in all renal portions. In the remnant kidneys of 5/6 nephrectomized rats, AM2/IMD mRNA levels were significantly decreased on days 3 and 56, whereas mRNA levels of calcitonin receptor-like receptor, receptor activity-modifying proteins-1 and -2, which form receptor for AM and AM2/IMD, were increased, compared with that in sham-operated rats. AM mRNA levels were decreased on day 3, but increased on day 56, after nephrectomy. Decreased immunoreactive AM2/IMD levels in the remnant kidneys of 5/6 nephrectomized rats on day 56 were confirmed by radioimmunoassay. The renal tubules were immunostained with anti-AM2/IMD antibody, with a decreased AM2/IMD immunostaining found in proximal tubular cells of 5/6 nephrectomized rats compared with sham-operated rats. In conclusion, intrarenal AM2/IMD expression is decreased in SHR and 5/6 nephrectomized rats. Given the organ-protective effects of AM2/IMD, the downregulation of AM2/IMD as an endogenous regulatory peptide may have a role in the progression of renal impairment.
- Renal impairment
- Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction