The Tohoku earthquake of 11 March 2011 caused very large tsunamis and widespread devastation. Various high-resolution satellites captured details of affected areas and were utilized in emergency response. In this study, high-resolution pre- and post-event TerraSAR-X intensity images were used to identify tsunami-flooded areas and damaged buildings. Since water surface generally shows very little backscatter, flooded areas could be extracted by the difference of backscattering coefficients between the pre- and post-event images. Impacted buildings were detected by calculating the difference and correlation coefficient within the outline of each building. The damage estimates were compared with visual interpretation results, which suggest that the overall accuracy of the proposed method for flooded areas was 80%, and for damaged buildings was 94%. Since the proposed half-automated method takes less processing time and is applicable to various cases, it is expected to provide quick and useful information in emergency management.