Fabrication and characterization of reference 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS low activation ferritic/martensitic steels

T. Muroga, T. Nagasaka, Y. Li, H. Abe, S. Ukai, A. Kimura, T. Okuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


For the purpose of arranging reference alloys available for various characterization efforts by Japanese fusion research groups, fabrication of reference 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS steels have been carried out with similar manufacturing processes followed by various characterizations. The fabrication proceeded with powder mixing, MA, encapsulation into mild steel cases, hot extrusion and hot forging, followed by final heat treatments. Each alloy was extruded into three bars. The characterization included chemical composition analysis, SEM and TEM microstructural observations, hardness tests, tensile tests at RT and 973 K, and relatively short-term thermal creep tests at 973 K. Room temperature hardness for 9Cr-ODS was larger than 12Cr-ODS, the former showing large increase when annealing temperature exceeded 1200 K and the latter showing no significant change with annealing temperature. Tensile strength of 9Cr-ODS was significantly larger than that of 12Cr-ODS at RT but comparable at 973 K. 9Cr-ODS showed longer and shorter creep rupture time than 12Cr-ODS at high and low stress levels, respectively. The mechanism of the difference in creep properties of the two alloys was discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1717-1722
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct


  • Anisotropy
  • Fabrication
  • Microstructure
  • ODS steel
  • Tensile property
  • Thermal creep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Fabrication and characterization of reference 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS low activation ferritic/martensitic steels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this