This study used severe cold rolling followed by cold swaging of β Ti-33.6% Nb-4% Sn rods to form a characteristic fiber structure composed of stress-induced α″ martensite with 〈010〉 texture and a β phase with 〈101〉 texture, resulting in a material with a low Young's modulus of 40. GPa. The material's tensile strength of 1270. MPa and fatigue strength of 850. MPa were attained by heat treatment at 673. K for 5. h through fine α precipitation in the fiber structure. A new method of fabricating a high-performance hip prosthetic stem was investigated based on the low Young's modulus and high strength obtained. After fabricating the stem by cold rolling, cold swaging, cold die-forging and machining, its neck region was given higher strength through local heat treatment, while the low Young's modulus remained almost unchanged in a distal portion of the stem. When a stem tip in the distal part was heat treated at 423. K, reverse α″→β transformation occurred and the tangent modulus decreased to less than 30. GPa, accompanied by stress-induced β→α″. It was concluded that the method presented herein provided a low Young's modulus of approximately 40. GPa in the distal part and high fatigue strength of approximately 850. MPa in the neck region of a high-performance hip prosthetic stem.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
|Published - 2014 Feb