Fabrication of liquid-core fiber-optic structure for large-area CO2 sensing using ionic liquids

Miku Ohkura, Hidemasa Takana, Fumio S. Ohuchi, Rei Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Among the ionic liquids (ILs) that are known for their CO2 absorption properties, the optical properties of 1- ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([emim][Ac]) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([bmim][Ac]) have been investigated with the aim of assessing their suitability for use in a CO2 sensor with a liquid-core fiber-optic structure. Fiber-optic sensors offer multiple benefits, including a large-area sensing capability and immunity to electromagnetic interference. In these two ILs with their different cation alkyl chain extensions, similar levels of change in the refractive index were observed for both [emim][Ac] and [bmim][Ac]; this change was demonstrated to lead to a change in the numerical aperture of a waveguide equipped with an [emim][Ac] core with a maximum value of 0.017787. Waveguide samples were fabricated using both [emim][Ac] and [bmim][Ac] and the output spectra of these samples were compared in terms of their liquid absorption characteristics, which were measured before the samples were packed in a gas-permeable Teflon®AF cladding tube. The liquid-core waveguides demonstrated successful light transmission over a length of 10 cm that agreed with the absorption characteristics of each of the core liquids. The CO2 oncentration level inside the core liquid was believed to cause the transparency of the waveguide to deteriorate as a result of bubble formation. The growth of the CO2 bubbles is irreversible and is assumed to be promoted by a kinetic stimulus and some other factors. The ILs comparison considered in this study will be useful for further development of the liquid-core waveguidestructured CO2 sensor. The transmission length of the sensor could be elongated by optimizing both the waveguide and the core IL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Fluid Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Absorption
  • CO sensor
  • Ionic liquid (IL)
  • Liquid-core waveguide
  • Refractive index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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