Self-ordered porous alumina was fabricated via anodizing in an acid salt electrolyte solution, sodium hydrogen sulfate (NaHSO4). High-purity aluminum specimens were anodized in a NaHSO4 solution under various operating conditions with adjusted concentrations, temperatures, applied voltages, and times. Self-ordering was achieved via NaHSO4 anodizing at appropriate applied voltages ranging from 20 to 28 V, and ordered cell arrangements with the cell size of 55–77 nm were successfully fabricated. Sulfur atoms originating from the electrolyte anions were incorporated into the ordered porous alumina. A honeycomb distribution consisting of a thick outer layer with a high concentration of sulfur and a very thin inner skeleton with a relatively low concentration sulfur was formed via NaHSO4 anodizing. Our results suggested that there are now many electrolyte options for the fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina with a wide range of nanosizes.
- Porous materials
- Sodium hydrogen sulfate