Fabrication of single-crystal silicon nanowires based on surface wet adhesion

Hoang Manh Chu, Minh Van Nguyen, Hung Ngoc Vu, Kazuhiro Hane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a top-down fabrication method of single-crystal silicon nanowires. The method employs the popular photolithography technique and etching-rate dependent on the crystal orientation of single-crystal silicon in KOH solution. Using surface wet adhesion and reduced silicon dioxide etching, nanoscale SiO2 mask line patterns with width from 45 nm to 200 nm and length up to 120 μm are successfully patterned. The interspace between nanoscale SiO2 mask lines is 750 nm, which is narrower than the 1.2 μm feature resolution of obtainable photolithography process. A mechanism for explaining the creation of nanoscale SiO2 mask lines based on surface wet adhesion due to the capillary force is suggested and discussed. The single-crystal silicon nanowires have been successfully fabricated by transferring the nanoscale SiO2 mask line patterns into the top silicon layer of SOI wafer by KOH anisotropic wet-chemical etching.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-97
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1


  • Nanowire
  • Photolithography
  • Single-crystal silicon
  • Surface wet adhesion
  • Wet-chemical etching


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