Fabrication of transparent polycrystalline silicon nitride ceramic

R. J. Sung, T. Kusunose, T. Nakayama, Tohru Sekino, S. W. Lee, K. Niihara

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


As hot pressing silicon nitride, sintering additives such as MgO, Al 2O3 and Y2O3 are generally used. The use of sintering additives changes the properties of hot pressed silicon nitride such as mechanical, thermal and optical. In the present paper, silicon nitride was hot pressed with various amount of AlN as a sintering additive. Mechanical properties such as density, hardness, Young's modulus, fracture toughness and flexual strength of hot pressed silicon nitride were measured with regards to the content of AlN. Also microstructure was observed using a SEM. The effect of α/β phase fraction on the mechanical and optical properties of silicon nitride was investigated as a function of the amount of AlN additive. Transparent polycrystalline silicon nitride consists of 75 vol.% a-phase Si3N4 and 25 vol.% β-phase Si 3N4. The elongation of β-Si3N4 was suppressed. The resulting polycrystalline silicon nitride showed superior properties such as about 64% transmittance at wavelength of 2.5 μm with 300 μm thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalCeramic Transactions
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 22
Event106th Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society - Indianapolis, IN, United States
Duration: 2004 Apr 182004 Apr 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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