In this study, new rGO-silica xerogel nanocomposites (SX-rGO) and its glass fiber reinforced composites (GFR-SX-rGO) were prepared, and its microstructure and thermal properties were evaluated. The raw material was a mixed dispersion prepared by adding 0.01–2.5 wt% of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to waterglass (6% SiO2). A hydrogel was prepared via sol-gel reaction of this raw material, which was then immersed in hydrochloric acid, hydrophobized in a siloxane/2-propanol reaction system, and then dried at ambient pressure to obtain a hydrophobic carbon-silica xerogel composite. The obtained samples were characterized by N2 physisorption (at 77 K), solid 29Si Magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, hydrophobicity, and thermal conductivity. It was found that as the amount of rGO was increased, the specific surface area of the nanocomposite decreased by ~25% from 535 to 403 cm2/g, and the average pore size and pore volume were almost halved. The thermal decomposition temperature of the SX-rGO was increased markedly by the addition of rGO. Moreover, the GFR-SX-rGO-0.5 showed low density (0.208 g/cm3), high contact angle (146°) and low thermal conductivity (0.0199 W/mK).
- Silica xerogel
- Thermal properties