Plasma cells (PCs), which aim to protect host health, produce various subsets of immunoglobulin (Ig) in response to extracellular pathogens. Blimp-1 (encoded by Prdm1)—a protein that is highly expressed by PCs—is important for PC functions, including the generation of Igs. Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) is a carrier protein of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and participates in multiple cellular functions. Although the functions of FABP3 in neurons and cardiac myocytes are well-noted, their roles in immune cells remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that FABP3 is expressed in activated B cells and that FABP3 promotes PC development and IgM secretion. Moreover, we provide the first evidence that FABP3 is necessary for Blimp-1 expression, by regulating the histone modification of its promoter region. Taken together, our findings reveal that FABP3 acts as a positive regulator of B-cell activation by controlling histone acetylation of the Blimp-1 gene, thereby playing a role in host defense against pathogens.
- histone acetylation
- plasma cell