FeAlO3 under ultrahigh–temperature metamorphic conditions: Experimental evidence from the sillimanite–Fe2O3 and sillimanite–Fe3O4 systems

Toshisuke Kawasaki, Tatsuro Adachi, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Yasuhito Osanai

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

FeAlO3 a) was synthesized under ultrahigh–temperature metamorphic conditions. The assemblage of FeAlO3, SiO2– rich melt and vapor was obtained from a mixture of Rundvågshetta sillimanite and reagent–grade Fe2O3 (weight ratio of 95:5) in Pt capsules at pressures of 5 and 9 kbar and a temperature of 1050 °C under hydrous conditions. No hematite was found in these runs. Corundum was a rare crystallization product in the 9 kbar experiment. We also produced FeAlO3, SiO2–rich melt and vapor in the sillimanite–Fe3O4 (weight ratio of 86:14) system in a AuPd capsule at 9 kbar and 1050°C under hydrous condition. A crystal domain comprising FeAlO3, corundum, magnetite– hercynite spinel and ulvöspinel formed at the bottom part of the charge due to contamination by Ti from titanium oxide, probably rutile, included within the sillimanite. This domain was in contact with melt among sillimanite crystals. Our results suggest that FeAlO3 would be an index mineral for ultrahigh–temperature metamorphism of partially melted Fe– and Al–rich granulites generated under hydrous and oxidizing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-251
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Volume114
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Fealo
  • Fe– and al–rich ultrahigh–temperature granulites
  • Oxidizing environment
  • Partial melting
  • Sillimanite

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