Fermi surface study on uranium-based intermetallic compounds

Yoshinori Haga, Etsuji Yamamoto, Yoshihumi Tokiwa, Dai Aoki, Yoshihiko Inada, Rikio Settai, Takahiro Maehira, Hiroshi Yamagami, Hisatomo Harima, Yoshichika Ōnuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Fermi surface properties of various uranium-based intermetallic compounds, including a 5f-localized compound, Pauli paramagnets, heavy fermions, antiferromagnets and ferromagnets, have been investigated by means of the de Haas-van Alphen effect. For this purpose we have grown high-quality single crystals using a purified uranium metal. Both the topology of the Fermi surface and the cyclotron mass in Pauli paramagnets such as USi3 are well explained by the band calculations. Surprisingly, the topology of the Fermi surface in heavy fermions such as UPt3 and UPd2Al3 also agree with the theoretical calculations, except for their unusually large mass enhancement. We have also succeeded in detecting a dHvA oscillation in the superconducting mixed state in the heavy fermion superconductor, UPd2Al3. Spin-polarized band calculatioins are approximately applicable to some magnetically ordered compounds such as UBi2 and UNiGa5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-62
Number of pages7
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Dhva effect
  • Fermi surface
  • Heavy fermion
  • Magnetic ordering
  • Single crystal growth
  • Superconductivity
  • Uranium compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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