Ferromagnetism and spin-glass transitions in the Heusler compounds Ru2-x Fex CrSi

Masahiko Hiroi, Tsugumi Rokkaku, Kazuhisa Matsuda, Toru Hisamatsu, Iduru Shigeta, Masakazu Ito, Takuo Sakon, Keiichi Koyama, Kazuo Watanabe, Shintaro Nakamura, Tsutomu Nojima, Tomohito Nakano, Lin Chen, Tetsuya Fujiwara, Yoshiya Uwatoko, Hirotaka Manaka, Norio Terada

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17 Citations (Scopus)


The results of a comprehensive study of the structural, magnetic, and magnetotransport properties of the Heusler compounds Ru2-x Fex CrSi are presented. The Fe-rich compounds (x 1.5) exhibit a usual ferromagnetic transition. The Ru-rich compound (x=0.1) does not show ferromagnetism but exhibits a peak in magnetic susceptibility at TN =30K. Nevertheless, specific-heat measurements show that there is no antiferromagnetic transition at TN nor at any other temperatures. With further decreasing temperature strong irreversible behavior occurs below a temperature Tg. It is proposed that these results can be interpreted as successive spin-glass transitions at TN and Tg. The compounds with intermediate x (=0.3 and 0.5) are found to be ferromagnetic. Both the saturation magnetization and the Curie temperature TC increase with increasing x. However, being different from the Fe-rich compounds, hysteresis of the magnetization is observed and this suggests that the ferromagnetism has glassy character. In lower-temperature range fairly large negative magnetoresistance are observed. These results are suggestive of a magnetically inhomogeneous ferromagnetic state, that is, the formation of ferromagnetic clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224423
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 23


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