Ferromagnetism in a graphene nanoribbon with grain boundary defects

Jian Zhou, Ting Hu, Jinming Dong, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

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17 Citations (Scopus)


A kind of hybrid graphene nanoribbon (GNR) with two different edges (one zigzag and another armchair) has been proposed and studied by first-principles calculations, which could be constructed by different kinds of periodical grain boundaries joining together the normal zigzag and armchair GNRs. It is found that the ground state of hybrid GNR is robustly ferromagnetic (FM) with a high FM Curie temperature, which is totally different from that of the normal GNRs. Most of the hybrid GNRs are found to be FM metal, except for the type-A hybrid GNR with a very narrow width, which contains three pairs of 5-7 topological defects in a unit cell of its grain boundary. A metal-semiconductor transition can be found in the type-A structure when its number of zigzag carbon chains decreases. More interestingly, it is found that all the hybrid GNRs, especially the type-A ones, can become half-metallic, which could be useful in the future applications of spintronics. Finally, the binding-energy calculations for these hybrid GNRs show that they could be stable and possibly synthesized in future experiments. In addition, the study of their edge defect indicates that their ferromagnetism and half-metallicity could survive even in the existence of edge defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035434
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 23


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