First-principles calculation of phase equilibria and phase separation of the Fe-Ni alloy system

Ying Chen, Shuichi Iwata, Tetsuo Mohri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Theoretical investigation of the phase equilibria of the Fe-Ni alloy has been performed by combining the FLAPW total energy calculations and the Cluster Variation Method through the Cluster Expansion Method. The calculations have proved the stabilization of the L12 phase at 1:3 stoichiometry, which is in agreement with the experimental result, and predicted the existence of L10 as a stable phase below 550 K; this L10 phase has been missing in the conventional phase diagram. The calculations are extended to the Fe-rich region that is characterized by a wide range phase separation and has drawn considerable attention because of the intriguing Invar property associated with a Fe concentration of 65%. To reveal the origin of the phase separation, a P-V curve in an entire concentration range is derived by the second derivative of free energy functional of the disordered phase with respect to the volume. The calculation confirmed that the phase separation is caused by the breakdown of the mechanical-stability criterion. The newly calculated phase separation line combined with the L10 and L12 order-disordered phase boundaries provides phase equilibria in the wider concentration range of the system. Furthermore, a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is attempted by incorporating the thermal vibration effect through harmonic approximation of the Debye-Gruneisen model. The Invar behavior has been reproduced, and the origin of this anomalous volume change has been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-440
Number of pages4
JournalRare Metals
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Cluster expansion method
  • Cluster variation method
  • Debye-Gruneisen model
  • Fe-Ni alloy system
  • First-principles calculations
  • Magnetism
  • Order-disorder
  • Separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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