The interface-induced magnetization damping of thin ferromagnetic films in contact with normal-metal layers is calculated from first principles for clean and disordered Fe/Au and Co/Cu interfaces. Interference effects arising from coherent scattering turn out to be very small, consistent with a very small magnetic coherence length. Because the mixing conductances which govern the spin transfer are to a good approximation real-valued, the spin pumping can be described by an increased Gilbert damping factor but an unmodified gyromagnetic ratio. The results also confirm that the spin-current-induced magnetization torque is an interface effect.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Feb|