First-principles study of point defects in chalcopyrite ZnSnP2

Yu Kumagai, Minseok Choi, Yoshitaro Nose, Fumiyasu Oba

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45 Citations (Scopus)


Chalcopyrite ZnSnP2is an alternative photoabsorber material for solar cells because of its controllable band gap, high absorption coefficient, and earth abundant constituents. In this study we systematically investigate its native point defects including vacancies, interstitials, and antisites using first-principles calculations with the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof hybrid functional. We evaluate the defect formation energies and defect single-particle levels at the dilute limit using finite-size image-charge corrections and compare them with those reported for CuInSe2and CuGaSe2. The most likely donors and acceptors are cation antisites, Sn-on-Zn and Zn-on-Sn, respectively. Because of their significantly low formation energies, they lead to Fermi level pinning in the band gap under any growth condition, and constrain the carrier concentration. The Sn-on-Zn antisite in the neutral charge state becomes an intrinsic DX center, a complex of the Sn interstitial and Zn vacancy, and shows a deep donor level as reported for CuGaSe2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125202
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sept 22


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